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AFRILEX2013 Preconference workshop

  • Fieldwork Practices in Lexicography
    • Jacques Van Keymeulen (Gent Univeristy, Belgium)
      • historical linguistics
      • dialect lexicographer

Dictionary of Flemish dialect

  • Dialect continuum
    • West Germanic
    • West Romance
    • North Slavic
    • South Slavic
    • Scandinavian
  • Different pronunciations of lopen (to run)
    • French Flanders
    • West Flanders
    • East Flanders
    • Zeeland Flanders
  • Dutch vs. Emmen (North Flemish dialect)

Language or dialect?

  • sociological notion
    • selection
    • codification
    • function
    • acceptance

Dialect lexicography

  • Flemish = Belgium Dutch; a dialect group in the south-west of the Dutch language area
  • Brabantic
  • Limburgian
  • Zeelandic

Word loss

  • Lexicon is the first language component to be affected.

Material loss

  • Changes in technology
    • disappearance of traditional tools or instruments
    • disappearance of buildings or all the related terms

Thematical dialect lexicography

  • Weijnen's school (Nijmegen University)
  • Three parallel regional dictionaries for the southern Dutch dialects
    • Dictionary of the Brabantic Dialects (1960, 1967-2005)
    • Dictionary of the Limburgian Dialects (1960, 1983-2008)
    • Dictionary of the Flemish Dialects (1972 to present)
  • Data collection
    • Preparation
      • ethnology: studying the realia
      • conceptual categorization of the world by the dialect speaker
    • inventory of lexical relevant concepts
  • Aims
    • Collect
    • Preserve
    • Publish
  • Sources
    • 200 collaborators
    • geographical points for questionnaire surveys.

Input in the datebase

  • Every dialect is put in in its normalized (to a Dutch) headword form.
    • e.g. uuflakke in Gent --> hoofdvlakke
    • e.g. verkiesges in Mater

Thematical arrangement

  • Ethnology enriches the description of lexicography

Preparation in Fieldwork

  • How to find informants
    • representativeness
    • lexical knowledge unevenly distributed
    • how to find respondents
      • intermediary: school teachers or clergymen
  • Profile
    • Subjective criteria: motivation/intelligence/linguistic introspection/verbalistic
    • Objective criteria: NORM-respondent for dialectology
      • NON-MOBILE, OLD, RURAL, MALE (NORM)
      • Men are conservative, generally speaking
      • Women are vanguards; Civilization is passed onto the next generation by women.
      • people born before the world war II are usually chosen, otherwise so many external factors (modernization, media influence) will affect informants' language.
  • Methods of fieldwork may vary according to language component:
    • Macrostructure
      • lexicon
      • semantics
    • Microstructure
  • self-observation
    • describe your own language
    • one cannot always trust one's own knowledge
    • control necessary
  • observations of spontaneous speech
    • notebook-method
    • high validity of the data
    • important for the closed word categories
    • hard to systematize observations
  • systematic fieldwork
    • recording and transcribing free speech
      • interview about a specific topic
      • unified transcription protocol needed
      • metadata should be recorded
      • orthographical transcriptions
    • lexicographical questionnaires
      • oral interview
      • investigation by correspondence (indirect method)
      • contact language dialect (oral)
  • Onomasiological questions
    • What is the word for X?
  • Semasiological question
    • Do you know word X and what does it mean?

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Last-modified: 2013-07-02 (火) 21:20:15 (1626d)