◆発表場所：61st African Studies Association annual meeting at Atlanta
◆発表タイトル："Land registration in Rwanda: The motivations and consequences"
Many African countries have launched the land law reform since the 1990s. The reform has advocated for strengthening tillers' land rights, claiming that tillers' rights tended to be unclear under the customary land tenure system. International donors have fervently supported the reform on the basis of theoretical assumptions of development economics. However, as a result of the reform, some African countries have seen the strengthening of the state control over land rather than that of tillers.
Why have the land law reforms aiming at strengthening tillers' rights ended up with tighter control of the state? This paper answers the question through the analysis of Rwanda. It argues that the state control has strengthened, because the RPF-led state-building has been prioritized in the land-related policies and their implementation.
However, it is not clear whether the current reform will further strengthen the state control over land. Because, although the country enjoyed a great success in achieving a one-shot land registration, it has failed to establish a sustainable mechanism for land registration. This paper also examines causes of the failure and explore its implications for the state-building in Rwanda.