• トップページ
  • »
  • 活動報告
  • »
  • 2019年度 第一回FINDAS若手研究者セミナー「南アジアの宗教コミュニティと生活世界――ジェンダーの観点から」の報告 

2019年度 第一回FINDAS若手研究者セミナー「南アジアの宗教コミュニティと生活世界――ジェンダーの観点から」の報告 

掲載日 | 2019年11月18日

2019年10月26日 FINDAS若手研究者セミナー 報告1

2019年10月26日 FINDAS若手研究者セミナー 報告2

2019年10月26日(土)13:00~16:30

東京外国語大学 本郷サテライト4階セミナー室

参加者数: 19名

 

報告1:

鶴田 星子(京都大学大学院博士課程)

 

信仰の継承と生き方の選択――インドの異宗教間夫婦とその「次の世代」の事例から

Succession of Faith and the Choices of the Way of Life: From the Cases of Inter-religious Couples and Their “Next Generations” in India

 

本発表では、インドの異宗教間結婚における宗教実践や生活実践、信仰の世代間継承の問題について、社会活動家や大学教員、ジャーナリストなどの4組の夫婦と、3人の「次の世代」の人々の具体的なライフストーリーを軸に分析、報告した。

まず、発表者のインフォーマントたちの多くはリベラルな思想を持つ人々であるため、夫婦どちらも改宗せずに結婚しているという特徴がある。そのため彼らは、片方の信仰に捉われず「インド文化」を再解釈し、断絶した社会との関係を回復・維持しようとしていることを指摘した。さらに、両家の信仰や規範の差異の調整を行い、相互理解の努力をしていること、そしてどちらかの宗教に偏らない次の世代への教育を行っている実態を検討した。そして、次の世代もまた複数宗教を実践をしたり、もしくは無宗教を選んだりし、断絶した家族・親族関係の再構築の役割を担っていることを明らかにした。

質疑では、本発表の事例がどの程度インド全般の異宗教間結婚の特徴に当てはまるのかについてや、結婚する異宗教間の組み合わせ、具体的な異宗教間結婚の数値データの有無、「ラヴ・ジハード」以外の政治問題の有無についてなどの質問を受けた。

 

In this presentation, I analyzed and reported problems of religious practice, life practice and succession of faith of inter-religious marriage based on the concrete life stories of 4 couples who are social activists, professors, and journalists, and 3 next generations of them.

Firstly, many of my informants have liberal thoughts and neither of them have converted. Therefore, they don’t stick to one faith but reinterpret “Indian culture” and aimed to recover and maintain the relationships with their society. In addition, they aimed to adjust the gap of faith and norms of both families and understand each other and taught their next generation about their faith without leaning towards one side religion. Moreover, the next generations practice multiple religions or don’t practice any religion as well. That attitudes seems to reconstruct family/relative relationships that once broke off.

In the Q&A session, the questions I got were, for example, how I can generalize my cases among inter-religious marriages all over India, which combinations of inter-religious marriages are the most popular one, whether there is a concrete data of the number of inter-religious marriages or not, whether there are other political issues except “Love Jihad” or not and so on.

 

 

報告2:

Megha Wadhwa(上智大学比較文化研究所特別研究員)

 

Finding their Niche in Japan: Inspiring Stories of Indian Migrant Women

 

As per official statistics, in 2018 only 30% (approximately) of the total Indian population in Japan were females, and this percentage has not changed significantly for the past several years. The majority of the Indian women move to Japan as a ’trailing spouse’.  The men are given the opportunity of brighter career prospects, as a result of which they decide to move to Japan. In the case of the majority of women, it happens because either they are married to a man who is being given the opportunity to move, or will marry a man who is already residing in Japan. There is a lack of decision-making for migrating to Japan in the case of the majority of Indian migrant women. In this presentation, I addressed the lives of married migrant women of Indian origin in Tokyo who cope with a diversity of situations, while at the same time maintaining and negotiating with their Indian identities. It also focused on the advantages and differences of life in Tokyo in comparison to life in India. Despite such challenges, most women find ways to survive in their new environment. Owing to their having re-located to a wholly new and dissimilar setting not just in terms of language and culture but also regarding food and housing, they have had no choice but to accept their share of struggles, which balance out the advantages they enjoy of living in a safe environment. While most find Japan convenient, they miss the earlier comforts they had known, and while they appreciate the nation’s peaceful ambience, it also makes them feel lonely. To overcome such isolation they put in utmost efforts to keep busy in some way or other, either by working or fulfilling roles as homemakers. They discover ways to become self-dependent and earn some income to contribute to their household, to their children’s education, or in some cases, even to secretly support their parents back home.

In the Q&A session, there were various interesting questions asked by the audience. Some of them were as follows: Why do these women feel lonely in Japan? What is the biggest challenge for them in Japan? And if there are class or caste issues amongst the community in Japan?

次の記事