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  • 2020年度 第三回FINDAS研究会 「Women in the Realm of True Men: A Study of Gender in Persian Devotional Literature of South Asia」の報告

2020年度 第三回FINDAS研究会 「Women in the Realm of True Men: A Study of Gender in Persian Devotional Literature of South Asia」の報告

掲載日 | 2020年10月12日

Women in the Realm of True Men: A Study of Gender in Persian Devotional Literature of South Asia

 

【日時】  2020年6月28日(日)13:00-15:00
【場所】 ZOOM会議

【報告者・題目】

◆SHAHBAZ, Pegah ( ILCAA Visiting Professor)

 “Women in the Realm of True Men: A Study of Gender in Persian Devotional Literature of South Asia”

 

 

              Dr. Pegah Shahbaz indicates the variable characteristics of women depending on religious and cultural dimensions by comparing Persian mystical literature of the same period in Iran and Central Asia.

 Since early 8th century, Islamic mysticism appeared, and in the biographical prose of those who practice(Sufi), women are described by some poets as the object being devoted. Ghazal is one of the Islamic Muslim poetries in Persian. The ambiguous feelings or passion for beloved or God are described in ghazals by metaphorical wordings. Women’s body parts may represent the symbols for the spiritual meanings in ghazals, for example, long fair implies a difficult road to pass. The tale of Layla and Majnoon is the important example of Persian allegorical tales in 12-13th century. Layla shows example of ideological Islamic women’s norm opposite to Zulaikha. Active and sexually accessible women like Zulaikha or a lady in Tuti-Nama, are negative presence in Persian context, however in Indo-Persian context, they are positive presence. By comparing two Heer Ranjha tale in Persian written by Iranian poet and Indian poet, it’s clearly shown that one character may have different nature in a same tale.

  In Persian tradition, women are modeled beloved, passive, and hidden presence as manifestation of God. By contrast, in Indo-Persian narrative tradition, women are active lovers, sexually accessible, tangible, and real presence as manifestation of the soul of the seeker.

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