【終了】 2018 TINDAS・FINDAS Joint International Seminar  5/21

掲載日 | 2018年04月23日

2018年度 TINDAS・FINDAS共催国際セミナー

(「南アジア地域研究」東京外国語大学拠点、東京大学拠点の共催)

2018 TINDAS・FINDAS Joint International Seminar

 

Date and Time: May 21st (Mon.), 2018, 17:30-19:30
Venue: #407 Lecture Room, 4th floor, Building No. 14, Komaba Campus, The University of Tokyo
Access: http://www.u-tokyo.ac.jp/content/400020146.pdf

 

 

Program:

17:30-18:10

◆Medha Kudaisya (Associate professor/National University of Singapore)
‘India’s Tryst with Prosperity: The Bombay Plan of 1944’

 

This presentation will explore the origins of the idea of partnership between State and business which go back a January 1944 publication titled, A Brief Memorandum Outlining a Plan of Economic Development for India, popularly known as the ‘Bombay Plan.’ A ninety-page document, published in two parts, the Bombay Plan was authored by leading individuals from the world of commerce and brought out in the final years of British rule, just as Indian intellectuals were beginning to contemplate and envisage what an independent India would mean in economic terms. The Bombay Plan was written at, what may be regarded as, a turning point in the story of Indian business. It marked the institutionalization of a long relationship between business and nationalist leadership, a historic moment when business groups, for the first time, unhesitatingly aligned themselves with nationalist aspirations. It also celebrated a moment of great optimism and confidence amongst businesspersons about the economic future of the country and the role that private enterprise would play. Industry in India in the 1940s was experiencing unparalleled prosperity; exports were flourishing, the capital market was booming, there were signs that sections of both urban and rural populations were prospering and business leaders were confident that India would emerge economically strengthened after the war. Much hope came from the spectacular transformation of India’s debt position and the rapidly accumulating sterling balance that could potentially further fuel industrialization.
Imbued with confidence and hope, business leaders and economists put forth their Plan of Economic Development for India. Examining the economic ideas and policy prescriptions of the Plan, this presentation shows how it was Keynesian in its advocacy of state intervention in demand management, resource mobilization for development and investment decisions while invoking the Austrian economist Friedrich Hayek to warn against state planning. Locating their ideas between almost contradictory doctrinal positions, the presentation will argue that the authors tried to chart a distinct economic future for independent India.

Speaker Bio:

Medha Kudaisya teaches economic and business history at the National University of Singapore. She did a doctorate in South Asian history at the University of Cambridge after a Master’s degree at the Jawaharlal Nehru University in Delhi. Her PhD thesis looked at the trading community of the Marwaris, a diasporic mercantile community which moved from the northern hinterland of India to the port cities of Calcutta and Bombay. Her other interest are the origins and trajectory of development planning in India. Her major publications are The Oxford India Anthology of Business History, (edited), (Oxford University Press, 2012); The Life and Times of G. D. Birla (Oxford University Press, 2003) and Chinese and Indian Business: Historical Antecedents (co-edited with Ng Chin Keong), (Brill, 2009). Her study on the Bombay Plan will be published later in 2018 by Penguin.

 

18:10-18:30   Question and Discussion

 

18:30-19:10

◆Gyanesh Kudaisya (Associate professor/National University of Singapore)
‘How Partition Shaped the Polity: Institutions and Governance in India in the 1950s’

 

The discussion will focus on the ways in which the Partition of 1947 cast its long shadows over the emerging institutions and polity in India, particularly in the formative decade after Independence. Partition’s imprint was manifest in many of the debates within the Constituent Assembly between 1947 and 1949. Examples of its impress could be seen in critical areas such as the design of a federal structure which privileged a ‘strong centre’, the ambiguity which came to surround the discourse on minority rights, the challenges faced by the new Republic in the framing of citizenship laws and, not the least, in the cautious, piecemeal approach taken towards the cartographic reconstruction of political space which took place in the late 1940s and mid-1950s.

Speaker Bio:

Gyanesh Kudaisya teaches South Asian Studies at the National University of Singapore. A historian of contemporary India, he was trained at Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, and the University of Cambridge. He has co-authored The Aftermath of Partition in South Asia (Routledge, 2000, 2002), authored Region, Nation, Heartland: Uttar Pradesh in India’s Body-Politic (Sage, 2006) and co-edited the three volume Partition and Post-Colonial South Asia (Routledge, 2008). His most recent work is A Republic in the Making, India in the 1950s (OUP, 2017).

 

19:10-19:30   Question and Discussion

 

Language: English
Contact: officetindas[at]gmail.com

*This seminar is free of charge and everyone is welcome.